Read all about it

We’re very pleased – ok flabbergasted – to see so much media interest in our new Open Access paper in the journal Antiquity on the phenomenon of grave reopening in early medieval Europe. The paper brings together results from studies by all five authors, plus some wider perspectives from the history of research and more recent work. We show the geographical and chronological extent of the phenomenon, discuss the nature of the practices, and argue that however counterintuitively, reopening now needs to be considered part of the broad customary treatment of the dead in the period.

As Heinrich Härke comments in the livescience.com coverage, while some of the discoveries have been reported previously in journals or books, “What is new in this article… is the coherent attempt to pull the western and central European evidence on ‘grave opening’ together, present it as a European-wide phenomenon of the 6th/7th centuries A.D., and offer some possible interpretations”. We don’t actually get very far into interpretations in this short paper, but as you can see in the press coverage below, we’ve been asked a lot about what possible meanings the reopening practices might have had for those carrying them out and I have tried to give some answers along the lines the authors have variously previously published or are developing.

It’s great to see how much public interest there is in results from an archaeological study of this kind. This wasn’t a spectacular ‘new find’ story. It’s about many years (decades!) of research into a complex phenomenon which raises as many questions as it answers. There’s no familiar ‘Viking’ tag to pin on this. What’s the recognition value of the Merovingian kingdoms? Reihengräberfelder? Lombardic cemeteries (well, cemeteries traditionally but dubiously attributed to so-called Lombards) in Lower Austria and Hungary? The many journalists who’ve contacted us with follow-up questions have had a uphill slog to get clear descriptions of the period and material we’ve been studying, let alone why it’s exciting.

But the human past in all its complexity and strangeness is of huge popular interest – which is why the threats to archaeological research especially in the UK at the moment are so disheartening. It has just been announced that Archaeology and Heritage at the University of Chester is now safe from redundancies, but the world-renowned Department of Archaeology at the University of Sheffield is under threat of closure by university management.

Here’s a list of some of the coverage we’ve seen for this paper. Very many thanks to everyone who has taken an interest in our work and helped to get the word out.

/Alison

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2281538-europeans-used-to-open-their-relatives-graves-to-recover-heirlooms/

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-01695-4

https://edition.cnn.com/2021/06/17/world/medieval-graves-study-scli-intl-scn/index.html

https://www.dn.se/vetenskap/karin-bojs-att-hylla-de-doda-ar-typiskt-oss/

https://fof.se/artikel/plundrade-gravar-hade-vittjats-av-efterlevande

https://www.livescience.com/medieval-graves-reopened.html

https://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/archeo-paleo/archeologie/ouvrir-une-tombe-ne-rime-pas-toujours-avec-pillage-au-haut-moyen-age_155328

https://www.lanacion.com.ar/el-mundo/saqueadores-investigan-el-misterio-de-las-tumbas-reabiertas-hace-1400-anos-nid22062021/

https://www.spektrum.de/news/trauerriten-graboeffnungen-waren-mittelalterlicher-standard/1886359

https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/in-medieval-europe-the-dead-and-buried-werent-left-to-rest/

https://www.fr24news.com/fr/a/2021/06/les-europeens-medievaux-ont-regulierement-rouvert-des-tombes-et-non-pour-les-voler.html

https://kopalniawiedzy.pl/grob-rodzina-sredniowiecze-rabunek-rabus,33884

https://www.sott.net/article/454449-Mystery-of-dark-age-grave-exhumations-probed-by-archeologists

https://www.jpost.com/archaeology/archaeologists-explore-medieval-grave-robbing-phenomenon-671687

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/why-did-medieval-people-reopen-graves-180978034/

https://www.focus.de/wissen/natur/raetsel-um-fruehmittelalterliche-graboeffnungen_id_13422634.html

https://www.futura-sciences.com/sciences/actualites/archeologie-profanateurs-tombes-moyen-age-netaient-pas-inconnus-88136/#xtor%3DRSS-8

https://www.ystadsallehanda.se/nyheter/gravar-plundrades-inte-utan-besoktes-igen-a2be2aa5/https://www.gp.se/nyheter/sverige/gravar-plundrades-inte-utan-bes%C3%B6ktes-igen-1.50617887

https://www.gp.se/nyheter/sverige/gravar-plundrades-inte-utan-bes%C3%B6ktes-igen-1.50617887

https://45secondes.fr/des-archeologues-enquetent-sur-le-mystere-des-tombes-rouvertes-il-y-a-1-400-ans/

Reopening graves a widespread practice in early medieval Europe, research reveals

https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/395553-descubren-europeos-medievales-reabrian-regularmente-tumbas

Why were people in the Early Middle Ages reopening graves?

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